Minister for human resources social security, Minister of human resources, said that our country is now the oldest country in the world, and the retirees who participate in enterprise pension insurance are about 80000000, and the average retirement age is less than 55 years old. In addition to some African countries, most countries are 65 and 67 years old.
our current retirement policy was established in the early 50s after the founding of new China. The life expectancy of the population was less than 50 years old. Now, the nation has been founded for more than 60 years, and the national conditions have changed greatly. The life expectancy of the population is more than 70 years old, and our retirement policy has not changed. It is obviously unreasonable
health insurance expenditure is under pressure
Yin Yumin: our country is a country that is not rich and old, but also a rapidly aging country.
China's population base determines that the aging population is very large. China now has a population of more than 60 and 210 million, accounting for 15.5% of the total population. Nearly 1/4 of the world's population is concentrated in China. It is predicted by the comprehensive relevant parties that by 2020, our population over 60 will reach 19.3%; in 2050, it will reach 38.6%, with nearly 500 million people over 60 years old, and this will have a great impact on our pension and medical care.
Yin Yumin introduced that the dependency ratio would be reversed in the pension system. At present, the dependency ratio of our employees' endowment insurance is 3.04:1, then it will drop to 2.94:12050 in 2020 and fall to 1.3:1. From the medical insurance, it is also clear that the young have a small illness, but after entering the old age, the probability of illness is big, the number of hospitals on the hospital is more, the cost is larger, the medical insurance expenditure is under pressure. These are the two main problems that we face. When does
this year, set out in 2017, the formal launch of the specific program
Yin Yumin revealed that the gradual delay of the retirement reform policy, small step slowly, a few months to be postponed. After the approval of the Central Committee, there will be a notice period, which will be implemented after several years, and gradually postponed to a reasonable retirement age.
in March this year, a reporter on the two sessions of this year, Yin Yumin said that the schedule of this plan, we hope to formulate this year, next year, the Central Committee agreed to the community to seek advice, we should be in the year after the formal launch of specific plans, the implementation is still a long time later.
the specific implementation time is not fixed, but Yin Yumin once said, "first put this project out, but the implementation of the program at least 5 years later, give everyone a psychological expectation. For example, it is now announced that it will be implemented in 5 years.
slow step, delay a few months
(graph only for example, do not represent the actual situation )
example: for example, for example, now it is 60 years old, the new project is just beginning to start the implementation is 60 years and 2 months retirement, and the next year may be 60 years and 6 months to retire.
which people will "share"
70 after almost all catch up with
the assumption program begins in 2022, then these people will begin to delay retirement:
1, female workers less than 50 years old (women born in 1972 and later);
3, male cadres less than 60 years old (men born in 1962 and later);
, thus, if the program is implemented in 2022, people born after 72 years are bound to postpone retirement. Except for the condition of the state)